• Video
  • 01-Feb-2012 08:13 EST

Improvement in OBD Development Process for HEV's

00:27:29
Length:

Purchase Required to View Video

Short Preview Below

Hybrid technology has the potential to enable dramatic reductions in greenhouse gases (GHG), such as the California goal of reducing GHG by 80 percent from 1990 levels by 2050. As a result it is expected that hybrid systems will occupy a growing proportion of the market. However, introducing a hybrid system in a vehicle may adversely affect the performance of the engine OBD system in monitoring malfunctions impacting pollutant emissions. For example, a hybrid system that reduces time of the engine in idle or deceleration overrun conditions could make a well-performing engine OBD system noncompliant, by reducing in-use frequency of some OBD monitors below acceptable levels. In this presentation, Ricardo will present a process for evaluating the impact that a hybrid system which has been optimised to minimise GHG emission over a specified drive-cycle will have on the effectiveness of engine OBD monitors. The process involves the use of a Vehicle Simulation Model (VSIM) to predict vehicle performance, fuel consumption and emissions over specified drivecycles. The process extracts OBD engine system monitor enable conditions from the Summary Table and verifies that each monitor meets or exceeds minimum IUMPR requirements. Global optimisation techniques including Dynamic Programming are used to perform off-line optimisation of a hybrid vehicle system traversing a specified drive cycle. The optimisation process generates torque split, mode and gear changes required to minimise GHG emissions. This optimal engine-transmission-machine on-time profile is automatically analysed to generate the impact on the engine OBD system.

Presenter
Andrew David Noble, Ricardo Consulting Engineers, Ltd.
Minsuk Shin, Ricard Inc.

Buy
Select
Price
List
Purchase to View
$19.00
Share
HTML for Linking to Page
Page URL
Grade
Rate It
No ratings yet

View More Video

Video
2012-03-19
By introducing the concept of a separation between graphics and logic, interpreted run time architecture, and defined communication protocol, the ARINC 661 standard has addressed many of the concerns that aircraft manufacturers face when creating cockpit avionics displays. However, before kicking off a project based on the standard, it is important to understand all aspects of the standard, as well as the benefits and occasional drawbacks of developing with ARINC 661 in mind. This white paper will first provide an overview of ARINC 661 to clarify its concepts and how these relate to the development process. The paper will also describe the benefits of using a distributed development approach, and will outline practical, real world considerations for implementing an ARINC 661-based solution. Finally, readers will learn how commercial tools can be used to simplify the creation of displays following the standard to speed development and reduce costs.
Video
2012-03-21
In any new aircraft development program there are many important design decisions that determine profitability potential. The key to making new aircraft profitable is to design features that will command more money than the cost to provide them within the market's ability to absorb them. The business model in this paper shows how to predict or find: 1) the costs to provide various aircraft features; 2) the values that aircraft buyers place on these features; 3) the amount of money that buyers have to commit to them, 4) the open spaces in the market in which to place new designs and 5) the predicted profits from new designs. In this process, this paper extends previous work on the law of value and demand, which states that attributes determine value; value determines price; and that price determines demand. This four-dimensional, non-negative system hosts a business model that describes the features needed to enable aircraft designs to go from concepts to profitable assembly lines.
Video
2011-11-18
Hybrid systems have been available for several years now, and offer customers a decrease in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions at an incremental price. Hybrids, in some cases, have offered improved other customer benefits such as reduced noise, vibration and harshness or better acceleration and the satisfaction of increased societal benefit. Sometimes the vehicle utility is compromised by the volume dedicated to energy storage systems. Several hybrid architecture arrangements exist in the market, and offer various levels of hybrid feature. But considering acquisition cost and operating expense, most hybrid vehicles have not offered a direct total cost advantage when compared to non-hybrids. GM's new e-Assist system is highly integrated with the engine and transmission functionality, and takes advantage of the highest value fuel economy enablers available with light electrification.
Video
2013-04-09
A debrief video of our 2012 "season".

Related Items

Training / Education
2017-06-15
Training / Education
1997-05-29
Technical Paper / Journal Article
2010-10-25
Training / Education
1997-11-03
Training / Education
2017-06-15